What is the unconscious?

What is the unconscious?

"Everything repressed has to remain unconscious ... the repressed is a part of the unconscious."(Freud, XIV: 161)

Talking about the Unconscious leads me to think that, from birth to death, there is a mental and inner life that is dynamic, with psychic forces that are constantly moving and trying to go out, projecting themselves into everyday life. Our clear behavior is how human beings are conditioned by experiences, motivations and fears that we do not always know, nor control, in that sense:

"There are things that are forgotten precisely to keep them for life."

And from there, from that place of knowing, built with forgetfulness, they govern part of our lives. To that place Freud He calls it unconscious, memory of our libidinal satisfaction that can return in the symptom. From the beginning to the end of his theoretical elaboration Freud conceives the symptom as a compromise solution between a force that demands satisfaction and another that opposes. That is why it is not so easy that the symptoms for which a person consults an analyst, disappear because they are part of their libidinal economy.

The unconscious is not a trunk of memories

It is not the place where we only keep memories of facts and sensations lived and forgotten, but it is a set of dynamic forces that directly or indirectly direct our behavior. In the internal world of the person there are unknown dynamic drives and forces, as well as emotions and feelings that were rejected to the unconscious without the person having knowledge of it.

Recognizing and accepting the existence of the unconscious, and that it determines our behavior and way of thinking, is a wound for human narcissism that believes to dominate everything. Not all of our actions are objective, coherent, or quite reasonable. There are many decisions and ways of acting that are incomprehensible. The external manifestation of an unknown inner world that is always active and that we do not control. We will put some examples of situations that do not have a rational and logical explanation and that find their reason for being in the unconscious:

  1. Having lapses, unwanted forgetfulness, totally involving them.
  2. React from a violent way before certain people and situations, without one knowing why.
  3. Trip over and over a thousand times with the same stone, and not be able to do anything to avoid it.
  4. Having fears, irrational and meaningless fears, and not being able to get rid of them: Fear of traveling by plane, dogs, darkness, enclosed spaces, etc.
  5. Believing that a person is good and doing everything well, although many people show you otherwise or vice versa, you feel a great dislike for a person you do not know.
  6. Be very sensitive to any joke or comment, even without bad intentions.
  7. The unconscious always tries to release tensions and seek maximum satisfaction, regardless of what is allowed personally and morally. A person can eat a lot of sweets even if he knows they are hurting him.
  8. It does not take into account time or place. In the most unexpected moments we can have feelings of anxiety, fear or jealousy; Without knowing why, or where they come from. One of the clearest examples are dreams, where past facts and experiences are mixed without any relationship between them.
  9. There is no contradiction principle. A person can love and hate both the same thing or person. Example. Admire a person for their courage and dedication to others and reject them for being shy and unfriendly.
  10. In our unconscious world there is no doubt, and it is difficult to modify with objective reasoning that which is lived internally as a great certainty.
  11. The unconscious is indifferent to external reality. An approximate example would be to get distracted and think about vacations precisely at the time of work.
  12. In our inner world there are many experiences and affections related to events that have been going on for some time, and that the person does not remember at all. But, despite this, they can suddenly emerge in memory without one knowing how or why.

To speak of the unconscious, is that knowledge, that Freud it teaches us that it can only occur indirectly, through the data provided by dreams, failed acts, projective tests and, above all, the history of neurotic symptoms and psychotic The unconscious is psychically positive, constantly evolving and charged with psychic energy.

The existence of the unconscious can be established by the content and way of acting. Within the contents you can find the arguments that Freud himself describes in his writing “The Unconscious” of 1915, which I mention below:

  • An awareness of which its own bearer knows nothing is something different from an alien consciousness.
  • The analysis points out that the various latent mood processes that we discern enjoy a high degree of reciprocal independence, as if they had no connection to each other and nothing they knew about each other.
  • Through analytical research we came to know that a part of these latent processes possess characters and peculiarities that seem strange and still incredible, and directly contradict the properties of consciousness that are familiar to us.

Engaging the existence of the unconscious as well as the perception of the Kantian outside world, where the cognitive subject perceives that reality from its a priori schemes, concludes “Like the physical, neither is the psychic necessarily in reality as it appears to us. However, we will be satisfied to experience that the amendment of the inner perception does not offer as great difficulties as the outer perception, and that the inner object is less unknowable than the outer world. ” (Freud, XIV: 167).

In general terms, it can be affirmed that the Unconscious:

  • It consists of repressed content that has been refused access to the system by the action of the repression.
  • Its contents are representatives of the drives.
  • These contents are governed by the specific mechanisms of the primary process - condensation and displacement.
  • They are subjected to deformations by the Censorship
  • It is especially children's wishes that experience a fixation on the inconvenience.
  • The unconscious representations are arranged in the form of fantasies, imaginary scripts to which the drive is fixed and which can be conceived as true scenarios of desire.
  • The unconscious is something that is constituted.
  • The core of the unconscious consists of agencies representing the drive that want to discharge their investiture, therefore, in motions of desire.
  • The processes of the unconscious system are timeless and have substitution of the external reality for the psychic.

The timelessness of the unconscious is one of the best known characteristics of Freudian metapsychology. This function outside the temporality has found among the psychoanalysts one of the quietest acceptances and concordance regarding its object of study. Although perhaps with that, all that is meant is not that the reminiscences of the neurotic suffer are not worn out by the passage of time and these are considered current and current.

Psic. Pastor Hernández Madrigal